Data Science in the News

Laser-driven ion acceleration with deep learning

May 25, 2021- 
While advances in machine learning over the past decade have made significant impacts in applications such as image classification, natural language processing and pattern recognition, scientific endeavors have only just begun to leverage this technology. This is most notable in processing large quantities of data from experiments. Research conducted at LLNL is the first to apply neural...

A winning strategy for deep neural networks

April 29, 2021- 
LLNL continues to make an impact at top machine learning conferences, even as much of the research staff works remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic. Postdoctoral researcher James Diffenderfer and computer scientist Bhavya Kailkhura, both from LLNL’s Center for Applied Scientific Computing, are co-authors on a paper—“Multi-Prize Lottery Ticket Hypothesis: Finding Accurate Binary Neural...

Winter hackathon highlights data science talks and tutorial

March 24, 2021- 
The Data Science Institute (DSI) sponsored LLNL’s 27th hackathon on February 11–12. Held four times a year, these seasonal events bring the computing community together for a 24-hour period where anything goes: Participants can focus on special projects, learn new programming languages, develop skills, dig into challenging tasks, and more. The winter hackathon was the DSI’s second such...

Novel deep learning framework for symbolic regression

March 18, 2021- 
LLNL computer scientists have developed a new framework and an accompanying visualization tool that leverages deep reinforcement learning for symbolic regression problems, outperforming baseline methods on benchmark problems. The paper was recently accepted as an oral presentation at the International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR 2021), one of the top machine learning...

'Self-trained' deep learning to improve disease diagnosis

March 4, 2021- 
New work by computer scientists at LLNL and IBM Research on deep learning models to accurately diagnose diseases from X-ray images with less labeled data won the Best Paper award for Computer-Aided Diagnosis at the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference on February 19. The technique, which includes novel regularization and “self-training” strategies, addresses some well-known challenges in the...

CASC research in machine learning robustness debuts at AAAI conference

Feb. 10, 2021- 
LLNL’s Center for Applied Scientific Computing (CASC) has steadily grown its reputation in the artificial intelligence (AI)/machine learning (ML) community—a trend continued by three papers accepted at the 35th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, held virtually on February 2–9, 2021. Computer scientists Jayaraman Thiagarajan, Rushil Anirudh, Bhavya Kailkhura, and Peer-Timo Bremer led...

Lab researchers explore ‘learn-by-calibration’ approach to deep learning to accurately emulate scientific process

Feb. 10, 2021- 
An LLNL team has developed a “Learn-by-Calibrating” method for creating powerful scientific emulators that could be used as proxies for far more computationally intensive simulators. Researchers found the approach results in high-quality predictive models that are closer to real-world data and better calibrated than previous state-of-the-art methods. The LbC approach is based on interval...

NeurIPS papers aim to improve understanding and robustness of machine learning algorithms

Dec. 7, 2020- 
The 34th Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS) is featuring two papers advancing the reliability of deep learning for mission-critical applications at LLNL. The most prestigious machine learning conference in the world, NeurIPS began virtually on Dec. 6. The first paper describes a framework for understanding the effect of properties of training data on the...

DL-based surrogate models outperform simulators and could hasten scientific discoveries

June 17, 2020- 
Surrogate models supported by neural networks can perform as well, and in some ways better, than computationally expensive simulators and could lead to new insights in complicated physics problems such as inertial confinement fusion (ICF), LLNL scientists reported. Read more at LLNL News.

Lab team studies calibrated AI and deep learning models to more reliably diagnose and treat disease

May 29, 2020- 
A team led by LLNL computer scientist Jay Thiagarajan has developed a new approach for improving the reliability of artificial intelligence and deep learning-based models used for critical applications, such as health care. Thiagarajan recently applied the method to study chest X-ray images of patients diagnosed with COVID-19, arising due to the novel SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus. Read more at LLNL...

AI identifies change in microstructure in aging materials

May 26, 2020- 
LLNL scientists have taken a step forward in the design of future materials with improved performance by analyzing its microstructure using AI. The work recently appeared online in the journal Computational Materials Science. Read more at LLNL News.

Deep learning may provide solution for efficient charging, driving of autonomous electric vehicles

Feb. 4, 2020- 
LLNL computer scientists and software engineers have developed a deep learning-based strategy to maximize electric vehicle (EV) ride-sharing services while reducing carbon emissions and the impact to the electrical grid, emphasizing autonomous EVs capable of offering 24-hour service. Read more at LLNL News.

Speech generation: siblings collaborate on machine learning hackathon project

May 28, 2019- 
The first recording that brothers Sam and Joe Eklund, along with their colleague Travis Chambers, played for the audience was a validation. “I endorse Travis as president of the United States of America,” the audio clip played, in a voice resembling Barack Obama’s. The second, in the same voice, was a declaration: “Ice is back, our brand new invention” (from the song “Ice Ice Baby” by...

Going deep: Lab employees get an introduction to world of machine learning, neural networks

Feb. 1, 2019- 
Deep learning is one of the most popular and widely used machine learning methods due to its success with autonomous vehicles, speech recognition and image classification, to name a few emergent technologies. But what exactly is deep learning, and how can it best be applied to Lab projects? LLNL employees discovered the answers during a recent "Deep Learning 101" course, which introduced the...

Playing video games may help researchers find personalized medical treatment for sepsis

Dec. 18, 2018- 
A deep learning approach originally designed to teach computers how to play video games better than humans could aid in developing personalized medical treatment for sepsis, a disease that causes about 300,000 deaths per year and for which there is no known cure. LLNL, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Vermont, is exploring how deep reinforcement learning can discover...

Researchers developing deep learning system to advance nuclear nonproliferation analysis

Aug. 21, 2018- 
Artificial neural networks are all around us, deeply embedded in routine functions on the internet. They help online merchants make personalized shopping recommendations, enable social media sites to recognize faces in photos and assist email programs in filtering out spam. Neural networks also have the potential to play a critical role in national security, helping nonproliferation analysts...